We love our dogs. There are over 200 breeds of dogs recognised by the Kennel Club
in the UK and it is estimated that there are over 6 million households that own at
least one dog (est. 10 million domestic dogs reside in the UK alone - 2010).
We train them, we play with them and we look after them and they look after us. One
of the key questions facing any dog owner is what to feed their dog. But what is
the best dog diet?
Your dog's overall health is dependent on a good quality diet, but there is no one-diet
that best fits every dog. Additionally, every owner is unique and has a unique set
of circumstances to consider.
A dog’s diet can affect not just the look and appearance of your dog, but its overall
health and temperament. So it’s worth spending a little time understanding more about
the background of your dog’s breed and the foodstuffs it would have been exposed
to before making any decision.
This is not to say that the best dog diet is totally dependent on how your dog’s
breed evolved as we all know that dogs are individuals. However this information
may be useful in helping you to choose a quality diet that works for you and your
All breeds of dog are thought to have evolved from the grey wolf although there is
still debate on when the divergence of domesticated dogs took place. The most common
belief is that around 15,000 years ago wolves that expressed less fear of man followed
as man began to spread across the globe in more concentrated numbers. These slightly
more domesticated animals bred with one another and were used in a variety of hunting
roles. Over time man bred animals with similar attributes to fulfil specific purposes
such as herding, hunting, scent, sight, strength, swimming and retrieving. As man
developed the land, so the requirements for domesticated animals changed and breeds
were developed to fulfil different roles.
The grey wolf’s diet has not changed markedly for thousands of years. The staple
diet consists of hoofed mammals supplemented by available vegetation including grasses
and fruit. Whilst being a natural predator, the wolf is also a scavenger and has
been known to eat its own, however, it will generally pick the easiest option for