Cocker spaniels are gun dogs with a huge appetite for life. Bred to flush game such
as partridge, quail and pheasant they are natural working dogs with plenty of energy.
The spaniel is thought to have originated from Spain and been developed in England
for specific hunting activities. The cocker and springer spaniel are very closely
related. Until the beginning of the 20th Century a cocker and a springer could come
from the same litter (the smaller dog would be a cocker, the larger a springer).
The amount and type of food will depend on the individual dog. A complete and balanced
diet is recommended to include poultry and natural meat and bone. If not allowed
sufficient exercise a cocker spaniel can easily put on weight.
Cocker Spaniel Temperament
Cocker spaniels are working dogs with a natural will to flush game from woodland.
Cockers make very good family pets as they are generally very affectionate and not
prone to be aggressive, although Rage Syndrome has been associated with the Show
Cocker Spaniel breed.
Cocker spaniels are highly intelligent and can be trained to a high level and number
of commands. They love the freedom of the country and are a willing partner for any
games. They are extremely loyal and affectionate, but do not like being left alone.
Cocker spaniel Appearance
The Cocker spaniel is a compact and sturdy dog. The UK Kennel Club standards ideal
height is 39-41 cms for a male and 38-39 cms for a female. Weight from 11-15 kgs.
There are two lines of Cocker spaniels the ‘Field’ or ‘Working’ cocker spaniel and
the ‘Show’ cocker spaniel. Both are closely related to the Field Spaniel and the
Springer Spaniel. Working cockers tend to have flatter skulls and shorter ears compared
to the show type.
The Cocker Spaniel can appear in a wide variety of colours and can be solid-coloured,
parti-coloured or have roan type markings.
A cocker’s coat is flat and silky in texture. Its tail is well-feathered and proportionate
to body size. Historically the tail was docked to aid the working cocker. The docked
tail would always be long enough to ensure a certain merry action.
Cocker spaniels are hardy, sporty animals with well-developed chests and toned muscular
legs. A square jaw, lobular ears, strong sleek shoulders and full eyes depict an
Cocker Spaniel Facts
Cocker Spaniel History
Cocker spaniels evolved from the Springer Spaniel which came from the Land Spaniel
and ultimately the Spaniel. The spaniel is thought to have originated from Spain
The cocker spaniel appears in English literature in works by Chaucer and Shakespeare
amongst others and is thought to have arrived in England as early as 54-55 BC. The
breed has always been used for hunting purposes, originally driving game into nets.
Cocker spaniels are now commonly used by the police, military and rescue services
for their excellent sense of smell and all round agility and robustness.
Cocker Spaniel Known Disorders
Cocker spaniels are prone to suffer from eye disorders, heart problems and kidney